Rare Earth Element Metals Recycling: Is There Hope After ...

Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are critical components in consumer electronics such as televisions, computers, cameras, and mobile phones, as well as high-power magnets, fluorescent lamps, catalytic converters and metal alloys. The difficulty of mining REEs, and the Chinese monopoly on the market, has generated interest in recycling the metals from used electronic devices as an

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Toxicological Evaluations of Rare Earths and Their Health ...

Introduction. The rare earth elements (RE) are a group of metals comprised of yttrium, fourteen lanthanide elements, and sometimes scandium. Their unique physical and chemical properties have rendered them indispensable for a growing number of critical technologies.

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Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth Industries

Even though current rare earth mining and processing technologies are very different from the case in Bukit Merah, which involved old tailings with monazite from tin mining operations, there is a tendency to conflate the past and the present given the negative history of minimal engagement.

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Rare Earths Industry - 1st Edition - Elsevier

Rare Earths Industry: Technological, Economic and Environmental Implications provides an interdisciplinary orientation to the topic of Rare Earths with a focus on technical, scientific, academic, economic, and environmental issues. Part I of book deals with the Rare Earths Reserves and Mining, Part II focuses on Rare Earths Processes and High ...

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Rare earth mining in China: the bleak social and ...

A worker pours rare earth metal Lanthanum into a mould near the town of Damao, in China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Photograph: David Gray/REUTERS Although Wang Jianguo knows little …

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New process recycles valuable rare earth metals from old ...

New process recycles valuable rare earth metals from old electronics Febru, Ames Laboratory. ... "Recycling rare-earth metals out of consumer waste is problematic, and there are ...

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Effects of Simulated Rare Earth Recycling Wastewaters on ...

Increasing rare earth element (REE) supplies by recycling and expanded ore processing will result in generation of new wastewaters. In some cases, disposal to a sewage treatment plant may be favored, but plant performance must be maintained. To assess the potential effects of such wastewaters on biological treatment, model nitrifying organisms Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrobacter winogradskyi ...

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Why rare earth recycling is rare – and what we can do ...

The existing recycling infrastructure for fluorescent bulbs makes them good candidates for rare earth recycling, many experts say. Fluorescent light bulbs make use of rare earth elements to fill out the color spectrum: the red and green phosphors in the powder that lines the inside of the lights are the rare earth elements europium and terbium.

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Rare-earth elements: recycling or replacement ...

The rare-earth elements, or rare earths—the group of 17 chemical elements with atomic numbers 21, 39, and 57 through 71—are not truly rare in terms of their chemical abundance in the Earth’s crust.

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Effects of rare earth elements on the environment and ...

Peng, R. L, Pan, X. C. & Xie, Q. Relationship of the hair content of rare earth elements in young children aged 0 to 3 years to that in their mothers living in a rare earth mining area of Jiangxi. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 37 , 20–22 (2003).

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Recycling of Rare Earths from Scrap | Request PDF

With the increased concern about the rare-earth supply chain risk, recycling rare-earths from scrap is receiving significant attention. In this monograph, the studies of the rare-earth recycling ...

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Rare opportunity to recycle rare earths - Recycling Today

Recycling rare-earth metals is attractive for technical, financial and political reasons. In late 2010, China cut off exports of rare-earth metals to Japan in response to Japan’s detention of …

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Rare earth recycling: Is it worth it? | Ars Technica

Rare earth metals are absolutely critical to modern life. Fiber optic communications require erbium. Neodymium is a critical component in modern permanent magnets. Without a steady supply of rare ...

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Rare Earth Elements (REEs) - Ground Truth Trekking

Rare Earth Elements: Overview of Rare Earth Elements FULL FIGURE Most rare earth elements are actually relatively abundant in the earth's crust, but are rarely concentrated in economically useful forms With the exception of unstable promethium (estimated 572 grams total in the entire crust!), all the REEs are more abundant than silver or mercury.

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Why rare earth recycling is rare and what we can do about ...

 · The existing recycling infrastructure for fluorescent bulbs makes them good candidates for rare earth recycling, many experts say. Fluorescent light bulbs make use of rare earth elements to fill out the color spectrum: the red and green phosphors in the powder that lines the inside of the lights are the rare earth elements europium and terbium.

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China’s Rare Earths Game Plan: Part 1 – The Effects Of ...

Gareth Hatch analyzes the effects of the recent reduction in quotas for Chinese rare earth exports, announced at the beginning of July 2010. ... Part 1 – The Effects Of Reduced Export Quotas. by Gareth Hatch on J · 3 comments. in China, News Analysis, Rare Earths. Print.

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Rare-earth element - Wikipedia

A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), as defined by IUPAC, is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium.

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Rare earth metals: tech manufacturers must think again ...

Rare earth metals are the crucial ingredient in many of our tech products. From smartphones, tablets and laptops, to the niche technology used by the military and medical profession, all depend on ...

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Rare Earth Recycling Takes On New Luster - Forbes

 · Rare Earth Recycling Takes On New Luster. ... "In the short term, we think recycling will be one of the few rare earth plays with upward motion," writes cleantech analyst Dallas Kachan, ...

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Rare Earth Metals at Risk of Perception of Scarcity ...

18.05.2011 15:05 Rare Earth Metals at Risk of Perception of Scarcity . The UK Parliament's Science and Technology Committee has warned of the knock on effects of a published its report 'perception of scarcity' for strategically important metals.

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Effects of simulated rare earth recycling wastewaters on ...

@article{osti_1200854, title = {Effects of simulated rare earth recycling wastewaters on biological nitrification}, author = {Fujita, Yoshiko and Barnes, Joni and Eslamimanesh, Ali and Lencka, Malgorzata M. and Anderko, Andrzej and Riman, Richard E. and Navrotsky, Alexandra}, abstractNote = {Current efforts to increase domestic availability of rare-earth element (REE) supplies by recycling and ...

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Rare Earth Recycling | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

Recycling rare-earth-containing products would provide a steady, domestic source of rare earths to manufacturers while also reducing waste. Currently, the main roadblock to recycling rare earth elements is the cost required to purify the mixtures obtained from consumer devices.

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Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

----- EPA/600/R /572 December 2012 Revised Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues Engineering Technical Support Center Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division National Risk Management Research Laboratory Office of Research and Development Cincinnati, OH

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Recycling and its effects on joint production systems and ...

In the first part, we investigate the effects of introducing large-scale Nd-Fe-B recycling to the global rare earth market. A production model is presented that quantifies the potential market effects of secondary production (recycling) on the balance problem.

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Regulation of environmental and health impacts in the rare ...

Regulation of environmental and health impacts in the rare earth element industry. Rare Earth Element (REE) mining, processing and exploitation are large scale industries that use a wide range of chemical substances and generate significant quantities of waste.

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MINING RARE EARTH ELEMENTS: How could it impact our …

health effects of rare earth element mining: Any kind of mining has the potential to create negative impacts, depending on mine management and safety protocols, processing methods, and …

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Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues. With Permission of AlanM1/CC-BY-SA .0. ii . EPA/600/R /572. ... recycling, and health/ecological effects. Information contained in this report also draws upon past domestic and international experience, as appropriate.

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Rare Earth Metals at Risk of Perception of Scarcity ...

18.05.2011 15:05 Rare Earth Metals at Risk of Perception of Scarcity . The UK Parliament's Science and Technology Committee has warned of the knock on effects of a published its report 'perception of scarcity' for strategically important metals.

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Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth Industries

Even though current rare earth mining and processing technologies are very different from the case in Bukit Merah, which involved old tailings with monazite from tin mining operations, there is a tendency to conflate the past and the present given the negative history of minimal engagement.

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Urban Mining of Rare Earth Elements in the United States ...

Rare Earth Elements (REEs), also sometimes referred to as rare earth metals, are commonly defined as 17 metallic elements, numbers 57 through 71 of the periodic table.

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Environmental Cost of Refineries - MIT

The environmental dangers of common refining techniques, specifically regarding rare earth elements. ... and some plants only flower within a certain pH range.This can have far-reaching effects on agriculture and livestock, as well as on wilderness areas. ... Rare earth element ores tend to contain a range of different metals in their structure ...

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Rare earths: recycling, recycled REM, reused rare earth ...

Rare earths: recycling; As "The vitamins of modern industry", rare earth elements are of great importance in modern technology. Gradually their applications have become more widespread, which means their consumption is increasing and the reserves are declining.

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Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth Industries

Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth Industries Saleem H. Ali Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, Sustainable Minerals Institute, The …

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Mining the consequences of the rare earths industry | GreenBiz

The amount of rare earth metals needed to create of a state-of-the-art wind turbine dwarfs that needed for an electric car, with 500 pounds of rare earth metals needed to outfit the motors and other interior components of a single energy-generating wind turbine.

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(PDF) Rare earth elements and algae: Physiological effects ...

from book Rare Earth Elements and Algae: Physiological Effects, Biorefinery and Recycling (pp. 363) Rare earth elements and algae: Physiological effects, biorefi nery and recycling Chapter ...

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Rare Earth Recycling | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

Recycling rare-earth-containing products would provide a steady, domestic source of rare earths to manufacturers while also reducing waste. Currently, the main roadblock to recycling rare earth elements is the cost required to purify the mixtures obtained from consumer devices.

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Effects of rare earth elements on the environment and ...

Search SpringerLink. Search. ... Environmental Health Sciences. September 2016, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 189–200 | Cite as. Effects of rare earth elements on the environment and human health: A literature review ... D., Boutin, C., Allison, J. E., Parsons, J. L. & Ellis, D. M. Uptake and effects of six rare earth elements (REEs) on selected ...

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Why rare earth recycling is rare – and what we can do ...

Rare earth mining has obvious environmental impact. Rare earth recycling, though perhaps less visible, has its own set of challenges. Photo of Mountain Pass, Calif., Rare Earth Facility courtesy of …

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Rare Earth Elements and Algae: Physiological Effects ...

Abstract. This chapter discusses new and multiple uses of rare earth elements (REEs) in modern commercial, industrial and military products and their ecological effects on the aquatic environment, with a particular focus on algae.

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Impact of Rare Earth Mining and Processing on Soil and ...

The mining and processing of rare earth minerals along the coastline of Chavara, Kollam, Kerala has been a significant step in self reliance for the country in terms of being a strategically important industry but at the same time the grave enviromental consequences because of the improper manangenent of the industrial waste from the titanium dioxide (TiO 2) pigment producing industry is a ...

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